People with disabilities constitute a heterogeneous group, within which women, children and the elderly face additional difficulties and multiple forms of discrimination. Numerous studies at European level corroborate that people with disabilities face additional costs, have lower incomes and have higher unemployment rates than people without disabilities. But labour discrimination is not an isolated problem: Education, vocational training, housing, and lack of access to transport are other issues that need to be addressed when speaking about this collective. The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) imposes on the EU the obligation to fight against discrimination based on disability in the definition and execution of its policies and actions, and also gives it the power to adopt legislative provisions to combat this type of discrimination. Besides, the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union explicitly prohibits discrimination based on disability and provides for participation in society, on equal terms with others, of persons with disabilities.

Author Disability hub Europe